This blog is on a break for the remainder of October. Enjoy your autumn and have a safe Halloween.
See you next month.
This blog is on a break for the remainder of October. Enjoy your autumn and have a safe Halloween.
See you next month.
Deborah Strange is a student in the journalism school at UNC-Chapel Hill. In summer 2013, she had a Dow Jones News Fund internship at the Regional Editing Center of The New York Times in Gainesville, Fla. She has also been an intern at The News & Observer in Raleigh, N.C. In this interview, conducted by email, Strange talks about her New York Times internship and what she hopes to do next.
Q. Describe your internship experience. What was your typical workday like?
A. I worked on the news service side of the Editing Center, so I read stories formatted for The New York Times print and Web editions, and edited them for our newspaper and magazine clients. This involved editing headers so clients would know how to budget our stories and editing copy for AP style, since the stories came over in New York Times style.
My day would start at 3 p.m. with editing the more feature-style stories, which would usually be ready while other news stories were developing. We would have a small mix of hard news stories early in the day, particularly foreign stories because of the time difference. I would also proofread the Times Digest early in the day, and that did usually take New York Times style.
We would receive the stories that were running on The Times’ front page by around 7:30 or 8, and it was then a race to get those stories on the wire by 9 p.m. Glances, or 100-word briefs of national, foreign and business stories, had a 9:30 deadline.
Throughout the workday I would trim longer stories to 300- to 400-word versions and check stories for new material or corrections. Sometimes updating a story would be an easy “adds new graf here,” and sometimes so much had changed that it was essentially a new story.
Things would slow down by 11:30, and I would do one last check for updates before leaving at midnight.
Q. What was the biggest challenge of the internship, and what was the greatest reward?
A. Working at a news service is different from working at a newspaper or in a classroom. There are so many steps in the editing process to make sure everything makes sense to clients.
Our story headers would have slugs, headlines, bylines, attention lines, contributor notes, art notes, trim notes, update notes, embargo notes. When editing the copy itself, taking out courtesy titles and periods in abbreviations became second nature. There are more obscure differences between Times style and AP, though, like the spelling of Russian and Arabic names.
It’s a lot to keep track of when preparing a story for the wire, and it definitely felt overwhelming at first.
It was very, very surreal to work for The New York Times Co. The internship was filled with opportunities; I learned from some of the best editors in the industry every day, and I got the chance to write a column for the International Weekly publication.
But there was nothing like finding and fixing a fact error before it went on the wire. It was even more rewarding to find a fact error before The Times’ print deadline, saving a correction both on the wire and in the print edition.
Q. What advice would you give to students considering applying for a Dow Jones News Fund internship?
A. Do apply for an internship, even if you might not want to go into copy editing. No matter your background — reporting, design, multimedia — there are skills you can bring to editing, and there are skills you can gain from it.
If you do apply, be confident and know your strengths. I had only reporting experience when I was applying, not including half a semester of a news editing course at UNC. But reporting and editing go hand in hand, and that’s what I wrote about in my essay.
Know your weaknesses and study them — and do study for the editing test. I’ve always felt solid in grammar and word usage, but I was more horrible at geography than I’d like to admit. I spent the weeks before the test studying maps and, not just events from the summer, but where those events had happened on a map.
And finally, know that there are real people grading your test and reading your essays. There are no Scantrons, and the organization isn’t looking for black-and-white applications.
Write down thoughtful questions when you’re editing stories during the test. If you know the answer to one part of a two-part question, write it down, and answer the other part to the best of your ability.
Show what you know. The graders don’t expect you to know everything.
Q. You are planning to graduate in December. What’s next for you?
A. I love both editing and reporting, so I’m looking for those jobs at daily newspapers now. This semester, I’m freelance reporting for The Chapel Hill News and tutoring elementary school students in writing, so I have fun ways to do both.
I’m also trying to develop as many new skills as possible, like HTML coding and economics reporting, as well as making more connections in the industry.
UPDATE: Deborah has accepted a full-time job with the editing center in Gainesville. Congratulations!
Lauren Brownlow is a freelance sportswriter with a focus on the Atlantic Coast Conference. She has also written for N.C. newspapers such as the Herald-Sun in Durham and the Sanford Herald. In this interview, conducted by email, Brownlow discusses her job, offers career advice and talks about her love of GIFs.
Q. Describe your job. What is your typical workweek like?
A. I’m a freelance contributor to FOX Sports Carolinas, and my contract stipulates that I do at least five articles a week for them. And with all the sports going on right now, I usually do more than that. And then I also work for GoHeels.com’s digital magazine as a freelancer (I do weekly stories for them), and my weekly previews for ACCSports.com. So it’s a balancing act.
But my main responsibilities are covering football and men’s basketball for the Triangle-area teams (and a little bit of general ACC thrown in) for FOX. So each week, I try to find a topic or angle I can take with each area team’s upcoming game and do one piece for each.
I can also come up with a more “fun” piece that doesn’t involve interviews or heavy analysis. For example, I did a piece on the various odd fashion choices from NBA stars back in June. And I did a piece on football “coachspeak” in August.
During football season, Monday and Tuesday mornings are usually filled with press conferences, and so I try not to schedule myself for any stories due on those days. UNC’s presser is Monday at 11:45 and N.C. State’s is at 1:00, so I usually have to choose one or the other. Duke’s is Tuesday at 11:30.
So basically, I spend most of the day (and night) on Wednesday and Thursday writing. Especially Thursday night, when I’m finishing my ACCSports.com previews (which go up as early as possible on Friday).
On Friday, I usually have a little more time off, and so I try to catch up on sleep, take care of things around the house, etc. Sometimes, I’ll write my GoHeels.com stories on Friday. Saturday, I cover at least one game and do a write-up afterwards — either a “Four Downs” recap where I talk about the four most important aspects of the game, or a straight-up column.
If a game is at noon, I’m usually not home and/or finished with my story until 8 or 9 or so. It’s a full day.
I get up early Sunday and do my weekly power rankings, and I also write up my budget for the next week with my five stories. If I have a GoHeels.com piece to finish, I’ll do that too.
And I watch the Carolina Panthers on Sundays and die a little inside with each gut-wrenching loss. After years of doing this, the Panthers are my last outlet for true fandom/homerism/etc., and thus it’s extra painful when they lose in the fourth quarter for the 1,000th time in the Ron Rivera era.
I also have Sunday Ticket, so I’ll flip back and forth to Red Zone. This isn’t work, per se, but I’ve somehow gained Twitter followers based almost solely on my nutso Panthers’ tweets, which are filled with rage and sadness.
Basketball season will change my schedule somewhat, and the overlap between football and basketball will be especially brutal. But right now, that’s my workweek.
Q. You are known for your “GIF-tastic” previews of the week’s ACC football games. How do you put those together?
A. Well, it actually takes awhile. I’m a procrastinator by nature, and I work best in the early-morning deadline hours (or so I tell myself), so I put off a good deal of it until then.
But I do a lot of it throughout the week, filling in a the teams/records/details first, then a narrative here or a prediction there if it crosses my mind, or even a player to watch or a key to the game. I have a very casual (and, I’d like to think, funny) approach to writing these, and so I don’t want to sit down and write a game preview when my mind is focused on finishing other articles or I’m not feeling particularly silly or goofy.
Jim Young (editor of ACCSports.com) sent me a template when I started working for them last year for the basketball previews. I’m using a scaled-down version of that for football, since there’s a lot more detail involved in each game.
It’s keys to the game for each team, a player to watch from each team, various random statistics from the game notes and then, everyone’s favorite, narratives. For instance, when UNC loses in basketball, it becomes an indictment on Roy Williams as a head coach. And thus, a narrative is born.
I can’t remember if it was Jim or I that came up with it, but I’ll give credit to Jim. I think we were trying to find another category for the previews and throwing around ideas, and he suggested it. I’m happy to credit my editor, either way. (Note to future journalists: Editors are your friend!)
Last year, the site wouldn’t load GIFs properly, so I would use images quite a bit for my “narrative” if a team won or lost. Image of a mushroom cloud of a dumpster on fire, for instance.
But this year, GIFs do load on the new site, and it’s really expanded what I can do. I can include a pratfall to signify the kind of fail it would be if Team X lost a game it was heavily favored in, or I can use a GIF of someone crying. Those tend to get the point across a bit better than a still image.
The GIFs are the most creative part of what I do, and so I enjoy that. What I’ve done is gone through one of the more organized GIF sites (giphy) and gone through various categories, bookmarking GIFs that I think I will use in the future. I already have one of a 2-year-old falling on his face trying to dunk on a toy basketball hoop that I’ll use for basketball season. But I prefer GIFs from great movies and television shows, if I can find them.
The GIFs I use in my previews are generally from those shows, and when “Breaking Bad” went off the air a few weeks ago, I did a narrative for each team, win or lose, with a “Breaking Bad” GIF for each. It was well over 20 GIFs.
I do feel, though, that if I hadn’t started writing those previews, I never would have been able to fully develop as a writer. When you spend so much time writing fact-based content, it’s hard to flex your stylistic muscles, so to speak. And that’s also why I always enjoyed (and agonized over) writing features whenever I’ve gotten the opportunity.
But the previews are fun because they really allow me to be myself and write in my own voice. Writing a good feature, though, is one of the hardest things you can do in sportswriting (or just writing in general). When it’s good, you know it’s good. And when you know you could have done better, it haunts you. There’s never that self-doubt with my previews. It’s just me.
Q. Twitter seems to have changed sports journalism in a big way. How has social media affected how you and other sportswriters do their work?
A. I rarely ever knew another way, or if I did, I don’t remember it all that well. I’ve been doing this since the fall of 2005, and obviously Twitter didn’t come out until … 2009, maybe? That’s when I signed on.
I think it initially changed things for me by giving me a peek into the way other writers did their jobs. At that time, I was working for Tar Heel Monthly full-time, and I didn’t have a ton of exposure to that part of it. National, local, whatever — I got a glimpse into their world and how hard they had to work to be good at their jobs. (Or not, in some cases.)
But to answer the question, Twitter gave me the chance to write in my voice, so to speak, before I started writing the previews. I was restricted to 140 characters, obviously, so it was tough — but it also helped me become more economical in my prose, I guess.
Last year, I was just a freelance writer for a small newspaper and wondering if I would ever work full-time again. The more active I was on Twitter, the more people in higher places started to pay attention to me, and I think that kind of networking paid off, too. Also, if you’re funny and/or you know what you’re talking about, people will find you. I’d like to think that I’m both of those things.
Other writers tend to use it differently than I do. At a news conference or a game, I’m not going to inundate my followers with a quote every minute or so, or even with updates on the score or how many points a person has. There are traditional beat writers they can follow for that kind of information, and I am conscious of the need to avoid flooding people’s timelines.
I want to have the kinds of tweets from games that stand out. I’d rather observe something interesting (well, interesting to me anyway), either about the game itself or even about the mascots or something. I don’t want to be a Twitter user that people scroll through during games because they don’t care about an update on the action — they’re generally watching the action themselves.
So I’ll tweet a quote or two if it seems particularly newsworthy, or I’ll tweet an observation from a game. For instance, I think one of my more retweeted tweets from the past few weeks was “UNC’s defense is basically like the big paper sign that high school teams run through before games.” (This was during the ECU game.) It’s informational, but still tongue-in-cheek, and it gives you something different.
If you’re watching the game, you KNOW the UNC defense is bad. You don’t need proof. I was trying to get across HOW bad in a concise and (I’d like to think) humorous way. That’s how I like to use Twitter.
Q. Each semester, I have several students in my classes who want to go into sports journalism. What advice do you have for them?
A. I was very fortunate coming out of school. I won’t lie and pretend hard work and years of internships and fantastic grades landed me in this situation, because it didn’t.
I had Mick Mixon as a professor at UNC twice, and he was the first person who really believed in me as a writer. He recommended me for an internship to Adam Lucas (for what was then Tar Heel Monthly and TarHeelBlue.com), and Adam trusted Mick enough to take his word for it. I worked for him for five years, straight out of college, in a full-time position with benefits.
But in this business — much like in sports — you have to be lucky and good. You just do. And sometimes, you can be really good, and no organization has a good use for you or the money to hire you.
Sportswriting is changing so much that a lot of Internet outlets are cutting back more and more, either firing full-time employees or just having those employees cover most events from home, posting blog/wire updates. Newspapers will give young talent a chance, but it’s competitive and the work is extremely difficult.
My point is that it’s a hard world out there, and even if you’re really good, you might not get hired right away. Just keep at it, and something will open up.
I have spent two years already since I left college as a freelance reporter, unsure of what to do next or when (or if) I would ever make real money again, so I know that feeling. I’m lucky enough that my husband supports my career and believed in me enough to let me work ridiculous hours for very little money until the opportunity that I have now came up, but that’s not always practical for some.
Here are some of the best pieces of advice I’ve received along the way, though. I don’t always obey them all, but that doesn’t mean they’re not worth remembering:
Put the same time/effort into your work as you expect to get out of it. This is particularly true in freelance. This isn’t just about money, although that’s important. There’s no need for you to agonize over a high school football game story if you’re only making $30 or $40, for instance. But if that high school football game story will be on a high-traffic site like WRAL.com, then maybe you spend a few extra minutes on it.
Don’t forget that you can be paid in exposure, too, and that’s as valuable as a currency sometimes as money. If the right eyeballs are reading your stuff, you can move to a higher-paying position eventually. That doesn’t mean you should turn down certain jobs because of how much they pay, though. Any experience you can get is very valuable. Exposure, experience and economics. The three E’s. (I just made that up.)
There have been plenty of times where I didn’t want to spend as much time on something as I did because I knew no one would read it, but then I remembered how much I was being paid to write it. That matters, particularly in our line of work.
It would be nice if those who pay more for good work get that good work in return. And sometimes, you have a great idea for a high-concept piece that you’re doing for an outlet that won’t pay you much for it (and that no one reads), and you end up wasting your day trying to research it when you could have been doing something else. That’s not a good use of your time.
Network, network, network. Make friends (or at least, acquaintances) with as many people that work around you as possible. For way too long, I never bothered to do that. After I did, I couldn’t believe I’d been so hesitant. Old, young, it doesn’t matter.
If it’s like sportswriting, these people are often the only other humans you see besides your family on a daily basis, and so why not be friends with them? This is especially hard when you’re first out of college and you think you need to hang on to those friends, but you have to move on.
One word of caution: You have to be very careful in our business — there’s plenty of backbiting that goes on, and so you should avoid being overly gossipy — but it won’t take you long to figure out who your friends are.
Be social. Go to lunches or out for drinks or to the hospitality room, or whatever it is that those people are doing. It will pay off down the road.
If one of those friends moves up to a higher position, they can put in a good word for you (and vice versa). Or they can pass along job openings when they hear it about from a friend of a friend from an old job in Nebraska, or whatever. And you can talk shop with them, bounce ideas off of them and what not. It just never hurts at all to have friends in this business.
Especially if you don’t have steady work, start a blog. I got this piece of advice from a friend of mine, and I don’t know if I’d still be doing this today if it weren’t for that (or for him). It’s a way for prospective employers to quickly get a sense of your writing style.
You can mix in more serious pieces with some funnier things — I did that for my blog, where I did my own version of the previews — but it wouldn’t take long for someone researching you to find out if you know your stuff.
Be able to be your own editor. I have editors at FOX, but often they don’t have time to parse over my writing the same way a newspaper editor would. And I have to create my own budget each week as well, for the most part.
I’m happy to do that, but you have to be able to generate your own ideas and edit your own work. This is becoming more and more of a problem in our industry, as outlets want to cut back on copy editors (particularly in the newspaper world).
It’s just a reality we all have to face, and if you want your story going out into the universe as a fully formed, grammatically correct piece of writing, then you’ll have to be responsible for that. I’m sure UNC is preparing you for those kinds of realities, but I know I thought writing would be a much more collaborative venture than it ultimately was based on my J-school experience.
As someone who teaches at a journalism school, I often get grammar questions from friends and family. I am an editor, not a grammarian. But I am happy to help resolve these issues when I can.
That happened recently when a friend sent an email with a question regarding this sentence: “”Marathoners, we’ve got your backs on this one.” Her question: Should it be “back”?
My answer is yes. To my mind, the participants in a marathon make up a singular group, with one shared “back.” So I suggested going with that to indicate that the race’s organizers are supporting the overall community of runners.
That makes it different from this sentence: “The students shook their head.” In that sense, each student has a head. There’s no collective one.
For more grammar advice, check out Grammar Girl. She’s got your back.
Amy Seeley is communications coordinator at the Autism Society of North Carolina. Prior to taking that job, she worked as a copy editor and page designer at North Carolina newspapers, including The News & Observer in Raleigh and the Star News in Wilmington. She was editor of two of the N&O’s community newspapers, Midtown Raleigh News and North Raleigh News. In this interview, conducted by email, Seeley talks about her new job and the transition from newspapers.
Q. Describe your job. What is your typical workday like?
A. I am part of the three-person communications department of the Autism Society of North Carolina, a nonprofit that has about 1,000 employees serving individuals with autism and their families across the state. My main focus is on editing and writing stories. I have a co-worker whose focus is design, and we report to the director of communications.
Obviously, with such a small department, we all do a little bit of everything. I feel like it is kind of an unusual communications job, because we have several audiences.
Many people probably think our big focus is on “awareness,” teaching the community about autism. That’s part of what we do, but our main audience is individuals with autism and their families, because if they don’t know what the Autism Society does, they won’t come to us for help. And of course, we do have the PR component, which we used to sneer at in the newsroom. But I have to say, asking for money and bragging about the good work of your organization doesn’t feel bad when it’s for a cause like autism!
Right now we are really focused on publicizing our Run/Walk for Autism fundraisers around the state – Raleigh’s is the last on Oct. 12. For each of them, I have looked for and written compelling local stories of how we as an organization have helped families.
These have been one of the most rewarding parts of my job so far, and also the hardest. As the mom of a son with Asperger’s Syndrome, I have a hard time hearing some of the stories of what families go through.
We then put those on our blog so our families can read them and promoted them to targeted local media through emails. Besides the stories, I am writing basic press releases as you would expect and editing emails that go out to participants. I also work closely with the development department to edit grant applications so we can keep adding sources of funding.
At the same time, we are in a period of expansion, adding services and coverage areas, so that means brochures need to be redone, pages added to the website, promotional fliers created, etc. Much of that work means I receive content from other departments, and I need to edit it to varying degrees; sometimes it just needs a few commas, and sometimes I need to rework it so people outside of the service professions will understand it. I am also the editor for our twice-yearly magazine, monthly email newsletters and an end-of-camp magazine, all of which are for our families.
So in a typical day, I might interview a parent, write a story about them, edit material from a co-worker, update our website, set up Tweets and edit a grant application. I am often working across multiple platforms, but it all amounts to one thing: making sure families know how we can help them.
Q. How does the Autism Society use social media to get its message out?
A. We have a Facebook fan page, where our designer posts almost every day, doing a great job of adding images to content to attract attention. We also have an active group page and use Facebook event pages for major events. We also post to Instagram and Pinterest, but not as often. Last spring, they did a PSA campaign on YouTube for Autism Awareness Month.
I set up most of the Twitter posts in advance, using it to highlight not just upcoming events around the state, but longstanding services that we offer, with links to our website. We gain several followers every day, and I want to make sure they know all the ways we can help.
Recently I’ve been experimenting with seeking Retweets for our Triangle race from influencers; people have been mostly willing to help us out. We also use Twitter to link to autism news.
We also have a blog, as I mentioned, where we share news about our organization as well as informative articles written by our staff members for families.
Q. Before taking this job earlier this year, you worked at newspapers for nearly 20 years. What skills were you able to take with you, and what did you have to learn anew?
I think the most important skills I brought to my new job were news judgment and storytelling capabilities. Just as at the paper we were always talking about how to get people to keep reading, one of my focuses here is how to get people’s attention.
We need families to hear our message so we can help them, and we need others to hear it so they might donate to help us continue our work. A compelling story pulls people in, no matter where they read it. (And it doesn’t hurt that I have some idea of what an editor might be looking for in a story pitch!)
Having been a copy editor, designer and community paper editor, I also had plenty of organization skills and practice at overseeing an entire operation as I shepherded projects through to completion. Of course, here we do not have projects every day!
And that brings me to skills I needed to learn and am still working on. Outside of newspapers, organizations have more time, and more people want to have a hand in projects. I am still getting a feel for the coordination that is necessary to keep things moving but still involve everyone the way that they want to be involved.
Q. Other newspaper reporters and editors may be looking for a similar transition. What advice do you have for mid-career journalists who are considering that change?
A. Many of the skills that journalists have are in demand. We are deadline-oriented, adaptable, technologically savvy and knowledgeable about many topics. Plus, we have strong writing and editing skills.
I would say to make sure you focus on skills rather than projects. When I was a newspaper designer, I used a portfolio to apply for new jobs. When I wanted to work outside of journalism, I needed to sell myself more than my work. (But it obviously depends on the job.) I would also recommend taking development courses in areas that might apply to jobs you’d like, especially for technology. It shows commitment as well as adding to your skills.
But most importantly, I would say to find your passion. In the newsroom, we were all united for a common cause: putting together the best product we could. By midnight.
Make sure when you are looking at a new position, you will be working on a topic in which you have interest, because the in-the-trenches-together camaraderie won’t be there. You probably won’t have a daily deadline, and you probably won’t have people cursing you out, and you probably won’t be under threat of layoffs together. You’re going to need something else to make it worthwhile.
For some, the paycheck might be enough. Just make sure you know whether you are one of those people.
Now in its fifth year, First Amendment Day has become a tradition at UNC-Chapel Hill. This year’s celebration of free expression will take place on Tuesday, Sept. 24.
So what is the day all about? It’s about three things that Congress (and state and local governments, via incorporation) cannot do:
1. make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;
2. make no law abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press;
3. make no law abridging the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Your First Amendment freedoms will be the focus throughout the day at UNC on Sept. 24. Here’s the full schedule of events. If you can’t be on campus, you can follow the fun on Twitter using the hashtag #UNCfree.
This week, The News & Observer switched to Facebook for reader comments. Other McClatchy newspapers, including The Charlotte Observer, made that change awhile ago, and others will follow.
Eric Frederick, the managing editor of the Raleigh paper’s website, explained the reasons for the change this way:
We believe that if you have something to say, you should be willing to put your name on it. And we think most of you will agree. It’s a standard we’ve always placed on letters to the editor in The News & Observer.
As on occasional commenter under the old system, I think this is a good move. Comments on the N&O site have been dreadful for some time, filled with trolling and race-baiting by people hiding by screen names and anonymity. That incivility is sadly typical for many news sites.
My hunch is that some readers will still behave badly even using their real names. And others will try to create fake Facebook accounts so they can continue to rant and rave anonymously. But this change will make it more difficult to do that, and I hope it will lead to more civil conversations about the news of the day.